Tipping Point Program Resources - CARE

Tipping Point Program Resources

Tipping Point developed the following tools, technical briefs and other resources to support donors, governments and practitioners’ investment in gender-transformative, social norms change, girl-led activism, and intergenerational dialogue approaches for adolescents’ rights.

Program Summaries

Tipping Point Phase 1 Program Summary

Phase 1 of Tipping Point (2013-2017) addresses child marriage through a dynamic process of innovation, insight, and influence through advocacy in Nepal and Bangladesh. In 16 sub-districts of Nepal and 90 villages of Bangladesh, the project works with adolescent girls and boys, parents, community and religious leaders, and nationally with networks of social activists, experts, and government agencies. These areas are both geographically and economically isolated from other regions. CARE expects this learning and innovation initiative to contribute to global understanding of the complex issues driving child marriage and strategies that can contribute to a “tipping point” of sustainable change to prevent child marriage and create viable alternative paths for adolescent girls.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Program Summary

CARE’s Tipping Point initiative focuses on addressing the root causes of child, early and forced marriage (CEFM), promoting the rights of adolescent girls through community-level programming and evidence generation in Nepal and Bangladesh. For Phase 2 (2017-2020), the Tipping Point initiative has utilized learnings from Phase 1 to develop and test a holistic and replicable implementation package.

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Tipping Point Phase 3 Program Summary

Phase 3 is the culmination of six years of multi-level programming and advocacy to critically engage the discourse on CEFM. Tipping Point centers girls’ experiences and evidence-based strategies to facilitate transformative change. To do this, we work alongside and support movements that seek to expand the voices, choices agency and rights of adolescent girls. Tipping Point will also build on the growing body of evidence and programmatic experience from Phases 1 and 2 to influence positive change on girls’ rights and CEFM alongside donors, governments and our peers.

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Technical Briefs

Technical Brief: Girl-Led Activism and Structured Allyship

This provides an overview of the way that Tipping Point cultivated girl-led activism and movement building and engaged allies to support those girls. This brief accompanies Tipping Point’s Boys and Parents Allyship Implementation Manual and the forthcoming Girls’ Activism Toolkit.

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Technical Brief: Intergroup Dialogues for Gender and Socal Norms Change

This technical brief provides an overview of the way that Tipping Point facilitates inter-group dialogues by bringing together girls, boys and parents to share reflections in a way that links to the sessions each group is doing separately. This brief accompanies Tipping Point’s Inter-Group Dialogue implementation manual, which contains more detail on the facilitation of each activity.

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Be The Change: Staff Transformation Technical Brief

To address social norms that devalue girls, the Tipping Point Initiative invested in a continuous and systematic staff transformation process as the first step towards the journey of norm change to increase program quality.

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Implementation Manuals

Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Adolescent Girls’ Groups

This Facilitator’s Manual for Girls’ Collectives has been designed for adolescent girls aged 12 to under-16 in Bangladesh at the time of baseline. The core intervention package spans 18 months, consisting of 45 sessions in total, e.g., no more than one session a week and not overlapping with national holidays, school exams, and other context-related events. In addition to the sessions in this manual, the girls’ intervention package includes Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) sessions and a girls’ activist training.

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Adolescent Boys’ Groups

This Facilitator’s Manual has been designed for adolescent boys aged 12 to under-16 in Nepal at the time of baseline. The core intervention package spans 18 months, consisting of 45 sessions in total, e.g., no more than one session a week and not overlapping with national holidays, school exams, and other context-related events. In addition to the sessions in this manual, select boy activists will undergo training to support the girls’ activist activities.

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Mothers’ Groups

This Facilitator’s Manual has been designed for the mothers of adolescent girls and boys in Tipping Point groups. The mothers meet once per month over the 18-month intervention period. In addition to the sessions in this manual, select parent activists will undergo training to support the girls’ activist activities.

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Fathers’ Groups

This Facilitator’s Manual has been designed for the fathers of adolescent girls and boys in Tipping Point groups. The fathers meet once per month over the 18-month intervention period. In addition to the sessions in this manual, select parent activists will undergo training to support the girls’ activist activities.

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Intergroup Dialogues

This manual is meant to be used alongside the rest of the Tipping Point curriculum, which encourages reflection on sensitive issue prior to the dialogues, creating a safe space for open communication. Well-trained facilitators should be present during the dialogue and facilitators should ensure all participants have an opportunity to participate. Girl activists from the groups can be asked to lead the campaign planning in the later sessions, with support from the boys and parents activists and the facilitators.

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Structured Allyship to Girl-led Activism

Tipping Point’s approach is rooted in challenging social expectations and repressive norms and promoting girl-driven movement building and activism. Research shows that major social change only occurs when those who have been excluded from power organize collectively in the form of social movements to challenge existing systems and their impact. Therefore, Tipping Point facilitates adolescent girl-led activism and allyship by parent and adolescent boys to help girls find and collectively step into spaces to reflect on and tackle inequality

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Religious Leaders

The Tipping Point Religious Leaders’ package is a set of interactive sessions and self-reflection exercises designed to help foster a process of change to dig deep into the Child Marriage practices and its consequences within the communities of Nepal and Bangladesh.

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Intergroup Dialogues (French)

Ce manuel est destiné à être utilisé parallèlement au reste du programme d'études du Tipping Point, qui encourage la réflexion sur des questions sensibles avant les dialogues, créant ainsi un espace sûr pour une communication ouverte. Des animateurs bien formés doivent être présents pendant le dialogue et les animateurs doivent veiller à ce que tous les participants aient la possibilité de participer. On peut demander aux filles militantes des groupes de diriger la planification de la campagne lors des sessions ultérieures, avec le soutien des garçons et des parents militants et des animateurs.

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Structured Allyship to Girl-led Activism (French)

L'approche de Tipping Point est ancrée dans la remise en cause des attentes sociales et des normes répressives et dans la promotion de la construction de mouvements et de l'activisme des filles. Les recherches montrent qu'un changement social majeur ne se produit que lorsque ceux qui ont été exclus du pouvoir s'organisent collectivement sous la forme de mouvements sociaux pour contester les systèmes existants et leur impact. Par conséquent, le Point de basculement facilite l'activisme des adolescentes et l'alliance des parents et des adolescents pour aider les filles à trouver et à s'engager collectivement dans des espaces de réflexion et de lutte contre les inégalités

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Tipping Point Facilitator’s Manual for Religious Leaders (French)

Le dossier "Tipping Point" destiné aux chefs religieux est un ensemble de sessions interactives et d'exercices d'auto-réflexion conçus pour favoriser un processus de changement afin d'approfondir les pratiques du mariage des enfants et ses conséquences au sein des communautés du Népal et du Bangladesh.

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Tipping Point Phase 1 Strategy Brief

Tipping Point worked primarily with adolescents, but also the people around them. Bringing together adolescent girls was a key approach to empowerment programming. Activities challenging gender stereotypical roles of men and women were designed and implemented under three themes: visibility of girls in public spaces, men in domestic spaces, and public events.

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Tipping Point Phase 2 Implementation Package Overview

For Phase 2 (2017-2020), the Tipping Point initiative has utilized learnings from Phase 1 to develop and test a holistic and replicable implementation package. Tipping Point’s approach uses synchronized engagement with different participant groups (e.g. girls, boys, parents, community leaders), around key programmatic topics, and creates public spaces for all community members to be part of the dialogue. Tipping Point’s approach is rooted in challenging social expectations and repressive norms and promoting girl-driven movement building and activism. These components are designed to help adolescent girls find and collectively step into spaces to reflect on and tackle inequality. Our overall intervention package in Nepal and Bangladesh spans 18 months and includes the key components highlighted in this resource

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Social Norms Tools

Social Norms Design Checklist

We created this checklist to support both program design and ongoing implementation of social norms-shifting interventions. Often programmers plan to challenge and shift harmful social norms but are not certain of where to begin and how to adapt their activities to include norms-shifting components, effectively moving beyond individual behavior change. Programs that do not understand how to shift harmful norms may inadvertently reinforce them, or simply be ineffective at challenging and shifting them. This checklist provides examples of questions to ask while designing activities, examples of how to fill in any gaps identified, and what norms-shifting interventions look like in action. The checklist should be used after the program identifies the harmful social norms that act as barriers to positive behaviors and outcomes and thus the context in which norms operate.

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Social Norms Design Checklist-Spanish

Creamos esta lista para apoyar tanto el diseño del programa como la implementación continua de las intervenciones de cambio de normas sociales. A menudo los programadores planean desafiar y cambiar las normas sociales perjudiciales pero no están seguros de dónde empezar y cómo adaptar sus actividades para incluir componentes de cambio de normas, yendo efectivamente más allá del cambio de comportamiento individual. Los programas que no entienden cómo cambiar las normas perjudiciales pueden reforzarlas inadvertidamente, o simplemente ser ineficaces a la hora de desafiarlas y cambiarlas. Esta lista de verificación proporciona ejemplos de preguntas que se deben hacer al diseñar las actividades, ejemplos de cómo llenar los vacíos identificados y cómo se ven las intervenciones de cambio de normas en acción. La lista de verificación debe utilizarse después de que el programa identifique las normas sociales perjudiciales que actúan como barreras para los comportamientos y resultados positivos y, por lo tanto, el contexto en el que operan las normas.

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Social Norms Design Checklist- French

Nous avons créé cette liste de contrôle pour soutenir à la fois la conception des programmes et la mise en œuvre continue des interventions visant à modifier les normes sociales. Souvent, les programmateurs prévoient de remettre en question et de modifier des normes sociales néfastes, mais ne savent pas exactement par où commencer et comment adapter leurs activités pour y inclure des éléments de changement de normes, allant effectivement au-delà du changement de comportement individuel. Les programmes qui ne comprennent pas comment modifier les normes nuisibles peuvent les renforcer par inadvertance ou être tout simplement inefficaces pour les remettre en question et les modifier. Cette liste de contrôle fournit des exemples de questions à poser lors de la conception des activités, des exemples de la manière de combler les lacunes identifiées et de la manière dont les interventions visant à modifier les normes sont mises en œuvre. La liste de contrôle doit être utilisée après que le programme a identifié les normes sociales néfastes qui font obstacle aux comportements et aux résultats positifs et donc le contexte dans lequel les normes fonctionnent.

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Social Norms Design Checklist- Arabic

لقد أنشأنا قائمة المراجعة هذه لدعم تصميم البرنامج والتنفيذ المستمر لتدخلات تغيير الأعراف الاجتماعية. غالبًا ما يخطط المبرمجون لتحدي وتغيير الأعراف الاجتماعية الضارة ولكنهم ليسوا متأكدين من أين يبدأون وكيفية تكييف أنشطتهم لتشمل مكونات تغيير المعايير ، والانتقال بشكل فعال إلى ما بعد تغيير السلوك الفردي. البرامج التي لا تفهم كيفية تغيير المعايير الضارة قد تعززها دون قصد ، أو ببساطة تكون غير فعالة في تحديها وتغييرها. توفر قائمة المراجعة هذه أمثلة على الأسئلة التي يجب طرحها أثناء تصميم الأنشطة ، وأمثلة عن كيفية سد أي فجوات تم تحديدها ، وما هي التدخلات التي تغير المعايير في العمل. يجب استخدام قائمة التحقق بعد أن يحدد البرنامج الأعراف الاجتماعية الضارة التي تعمل كعوائق أمام السلوكيات والنتائج الإيجابية ، وبالتالي السياق الذي تعمل فيه المعايير.

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Social Norms Data Use Tool

While diagnosing and assessing the strength of social norms is becoming increasingly popular within formative research and baseline evaluations for a wide range of projects, it can be difficult to then use the data gathered to design programs that lead to social norms change. This tool helps program staff utilize the social norms data and findings to design interventions.

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Social Norms Data Use Tool- Spanish

Aunque el diagnóstico y la evaluación de la fuerza de las normas sociales se está haciendo cada vez más popular en el marco de la investigación formativa y las evaluaciones de referencia para una amplia gama de proyectos, puede ser difícil utilizar los datos reunidos para diseñar programas que conduzcan a un cambio de las normas sociales. Esta herramienta ayuda al personal del programa a utilizar los datos y los hallazgos de las normas sociales para diseñar intervenciones.

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Social Norms Data Use Tool- French

Alors que le diagnostic et l'évaluation de la force des normes sociales sont de plus en plus populaires dans la recherche formative et les évaluations de base pour un large éventail de projets, il peut être difficile d'utiliser ensuite les données recueillies pour concevoir des programmes qui conduisent à un changement des normes sociales. Cet outil aide le personnel des programmes à utiliser les données et les résultats relatifs aux normes sociales pour concevoir des interventions.

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Social Norms Data Use Tool- Arabic

في حين أن تشخيص قوة الأعراف الاجتماعية وتقييمها أصبح شائعًا بشكل متزايد في البحث التكويني والتقييمات الأساسية لمجموعة واسعة من المشاريع ، فقد يكون من الصعب بعد ذلك استخدام البيانات التي تم جمعها لتصميم البرامج التي تؤدي إلى تغيير الأعراف الاجتماعية. تساعد هذه الأداة موظفي البرنامج على استخدام بيانات الأعراف الاجتماعية والنتائج لتصميم التدخلات.

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Innovation Briefs

Tipping Point Innovation Brief: Raksha Bandhan

The traditional ritual of a sister tying a thread around a brother’s wrist and asking him for protection is modified so brothers also tie a ribbon around their sisters’ wrist and both vow to practice gender equality and pursue their dreams. This initiative garnered public support for growing equality between sisters and brothers.

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Tipping Point Innovation Brief: Girls Football

Girls’ football openly confronts the social norm that physical and public sports are only for boys and, more broadly, the norms that limit adolescent girls’ mobility and visibility in public spaces. The Tipping Point created an opportunity for girls to play in public spaces and in tournaments with the intention of drawing public attention and made a positive practice visible.

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Tipping Point Innovation Brief: Tea Stall Conversations

The tea stall conversations were successful in reaching men and sparking conversations on gender norms, girls’ rights, and child, early, and forced marriage. The tea stall proved to be a comfortable space for men to grapple with new ideas and challenge each other about the role men can play in supporting women’s and girls’ rights.

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Tipping Point Innovation Brief: Intergenerational Dialogues

Intergenerational dialogues created a space for adolescents to practice interpersonal and citizenship skills, and challenged the absence of youth voices in public and family spheres. Onlookers were surprised to see girls questioning community leaders and government representatives; yet, people were supportive of girls.

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Tipping Point Innovation Brief: Amader Kotha

Adolescents use street drama and dialogue to challenge existing social norms and show positive alternatives. Amader Kotha has been successful in sparking conversations about topics that have otherwise been taboo. The playfulness of the performance made these conversations easier for people in the community to engage.

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Tipping Point Innovation Brief: Street Drama

Girls and boys lead and perform street dramas to challenge social norms around dowry and early marriage, and to introduce the benefits of investing in girls. This initiative is making a difference by loosening some structures on girls’ mobility, socializing with boys, and being vocal about their rights and perspectives.

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Tipping Point Innovation Brief: Amra-o-Korchi

Amra-o-Korchi or ‘We are also doing’ challenged gendered social norms for girls and boys by promoting change toward equitable workloads in the home. This intervention made positive practices such as boys doing household more visible (cooking, doing laundry, and so on).

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Tipping Point Innovation Brief: Cooking Competition

Boys participated in a cooking competition, and girls judged their food. This initiative highlighted changing norms on male participation in domestic tasks and the importance of more equitable practices at home for time efficiency and family harmony and gender equity.

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Stories of Change

Tipping Point Story of Change: A Reflection on Choice

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Tipping Point Story of Change: Creating Positive Shifts

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Tipping Point Story of Change: Defying the Ideal

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Tipping Point Story of Change: When Football Challenges Stereotypes

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Tipping Point Story of Change: Together We Stand

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Tipping Point Story of Change: Speaking out for Change

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Tipping Point Story of Change: Becoming an Empowered Influencer

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Tipping Point Story of Change: Desire to Learn

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Tipping Point Story of Change: A Story of Positive Alternatives

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Tipping Point Story of Change: A Purohit’s Campaign against Child Marriage

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Tipping Point Story of Change: Shirin’s Story

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Tipping Point Story of Change: Taslima’s Story

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Tipping Point Story of Change: A Story of Positive Deviance

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Policy and Advocacy

Bangladesh: Policy Brief on The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 2017

Summary of findings of a study conducted to understand child-marriage related laws in South Asian countries and the Child Marriage Restraint Act 2017 of Bangladesh that repealed the previous law and set the minimum age of marriage for women at 18 and at 21 for men. It highlights recommendations from experts and activists to strengthen the legal framework in Bangladesh.

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Evaluating Advocacy for Policy Implementation: A pilot of two tools

From 2009 to 2016, CARE USA and the Aspen Planning and Evaluation Program (APEP) partnered to develop a set of tools for evaluating policy advocacy. This report highlights the learnings from our experience piloting two tools focused on CARE’s Gender and Empowerment advocacy in particular: a Gender Scorecard for U.S. Administration Officials, and a Quality of Discourse tool.

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Laws on Child Marriage in South Asian Countries: Analysis

Child marriages continue to be the norm. As elsewhere in the world, the drivers of child marriage include deeply entrenched cultural norms and religious beliefs. Transformation demands change in mindsets of all people in society along with laws that incentivize positive practices and deters harmful practices. This study focused mainly on laws of South Asian countries.

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