In 2000, the government of Peru stopped employing agricultural extension officers after seeing poor returns on its investment. While the private sector partially filled the gap, smallholder farmers in remote Andes regions Peru were left with limited access to quality extension services.
Work is hard to find in Koibortopara, the remote village in northern Bangladesh where Kallani and her family struggled for years to survive.
“We had no way out,” she says. “No food, no clothing, as we had no consistent income.”