CARE El Salvador was established in 1956 and over the next two decades implemented a number of development projects. From 1979 to 1992, El Salvador suffered a disastrous civil war in which 75,000 people were killed and more than a million displaced or forced to flee abroad. In 1980, security had deteriorated so much that CARE was forced to suspend its programs.
From 1985 to 1988, CARE was able to return temporarily and implement a hospital prosthesis program for war victims. Due to improving security conditions, CARE resumed its programs in El Salvador in 1993.